Climate Effects


Rice is vulnerable to climate change because of its high demand for water, and sensitivity to cool temperatures and extreme heat. It also requires sufficient nutrients to produce well, and it is very responsive to supplemental fertilizers. In the Rufiji Basin, much rice is grown using rainfed conditions during the rainy season (the “December Planting”) during which the distribution and amount of rain during the season greatly affects yield. Areas where irrigation can be practiced also grow rice during the dry, winter season (the “June Planting”). Climate affects irrigated rice, as well, as temperatures vary.


USAID: From the American People
Michigan State University
University of Dar es Salaam
United Republic of Tanzania